Superconducting magnet and conductor research activities in the US fusion program

posted Apr 16, 2013, 11:06 PM by Seunghyun Kim   [ updated Apr 16, 2013, 11:06 PM by Seung Chang Yoo ]
P. Michael, J.H. Schultz, T. Antaya, R. G. Ballinger, L. Chiesa, J. Feng, C-Y. Gung, D. Harris, J.H. Kim, P. Lee, N. Martovetsky, J.V. Minervini, A. Radovinsky, M. Salvetti, M. Takayasu, P. Titus
Fusion Engineering and Design 81 (2006) 2381-2388
Fusion research in the United States is sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Fusion Energy Sciences (OFES). The OFES sponsors a wide range of programs to advance fusion science, fusion technology, and basic plasma science. Most experimental devices in the US fusion program are constructed using conventional technologies; however, a small portion of the fusion research program is directed towards large scale commercial power generation, which typically relies on superconductor technology to facilitate steady-state operation with high fusion power gain, Q. The superconductor portion of the US fusion research program is limited to a small number of laboratories including the Plasma Science and Fusion Center at MIT, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL), and the Applied Superconductivity Center at University of Wisconsin, Madison. Although Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL) are primarily sponsored by the US's High Energy Physics program, both have made significant contributions to advance the superconductor technology needed for the US fusion program. This paper summarizes recent superconductor activities in the US fusion program.